Windmueller Family Papers / Record Group 32

Title Windmueller Family Papers

Dates 1922–2013

Accession Number RG-32

Extent 1.5 linear foot (17 boxes)

Provenance Donated by Inge Horowitz.

Biographical Note

Inge Horowitz, a volunteer at the Virginia Holocaust Museum, spent many years working with the immediate and extended family to collect and document the second edition of the Windmueller Family Chronicle. They built on the first chronicle completed by Fritz (Fred) Windmueller in 1938. As tensions grew in Germany and Europe during the build up to the Second World War and the Holocaust, Fred took it upon himself to collect valuable family documents, trace his extensive family lineage, and compile the materials in a chronicle that could be easily published and shared. He felt it was an important task to complete before events started that would disrupt the family and the world. Fred immigrated to the United States with his family in May of 1938, where he settled in Richmond, Virginia. He remained active with the Jewish community in the area and continued to collect information pertaining to his family. When Fred passed away in 1977, his niece, Inge Horowitz, as well as his sister-in-law Ida Windmueller and Inge’s daughter Rita took on the role to update and complete Fred’s original work. Over the past few decades, he had worked on accumulating more materials for a sequel to his original Chronicle. With Fred’s legacy and dedication to hard work, Inge, Ida and Rita were able to compile a list of all family members who perished in the Holocaust, track down relatives living all across the world and compile many documents and photographs of family. This extension of the original Chronicle was completed in 1981. Inge remained active in collecting and identifying family materials into the 2000s while she continued to volunteer for the VHM. Her work has been instrumental for the family chronicle, museum, and archives.

Restriction on Access No restriction    Restriction on Use No restriction    Language English and German.

Preferred Citation Virginia Holocaust Museum, Record Group 32, Windmueller Family Papers, [Folder #].

Scope and Content

The Windmueller Family Papers consist of biographical materials, correspondence, immigration paperwork, business documentation, family photographs, research, newspaper clippings, a Torah, and school notebooks. There are also two copies of the Windmueller Family Chronicle, second edition; one is plastic coil bound, the other hardcover and then there is an additional paperback 1984 supplement to the chronicle. The record group is organized by individual family members, however, items regarding married couples were combined per couple.

Biographical materials include personal statements and narratives contributed to the Chronicle or sent to Inge from family members, most who recount their experiences before and during the war and Holocaust. A select few include impressions from return trips to Germany decades later. Correspondence can include personal handwritten letters and emails. Letters are primarily from the war years between family members who had immigrated and those still in Germany. Others include letters between old friends, and attempts to track down family members. Emails primarily regard research inquiries and discussions of findings between Inge, members of the museum, other family members, and individuals working at other institutions. Immigration paperwork includes official documentation from the Nazi Socialist Party, Red Cross, US Embassy and letters of responsibility. Business documentation includes arrangements, agreements, and receipts of transactions, the bulk of which are from the 1930s in Beckum and belong to Fritz (Fred) and his brothers Hugo, Kurt, and Alfred. Photographs are kept with their associated documents and family members, photographs included in the “Family Photographs” folder had no adjoining documentation or individual folder to be placed with. Photographs depict relatives at displaced persons camps, family and individual portraits from before the war, homes, and family gatherings and events post-Holocaust in the United States, some others are from return trips to Germany. Articles and newspaper clippings are split between Inge’s work in the Jewish community of Richmond, happenings in Beckum, Germany, community spotlights on a family member and obituaries. Research includes documentation of the history of Beckum and Munster and their Jewish populations. A Torah is included in the record group but its original owner is undetermined. There are also several school notebooks from Inge Horowitz’s childhood in Beckum.

Copies of the Windmueller Family Chronicle, its supplement, and Shell Lory's dissertation are stored in box 4, 5, 6, and 7.


  • There are digital copies of some included photographs and documents.
  • Folder 23 has contributions to the Windmueller Family Chronicle that are not bound, the three copies of the chronicle that are bound are stored in boxes 5 and 6.
  • Materials from Record Groups 32, 88, and 89 now all fall under RG 32.


Box Folder Contents
1 1 Inge Horowitz Papers
1 2 Fritz and Otti Windmueller Papers
1 3.A Business Documents of Hugo, Kurt, Fritz, and Alfred
1 3.B Business Documents of Hugo, Kurt, Fritz and Alfred cnt.
1 4 Hugo Windmueller Papers
1 5 Ida Windmueller Papers
1 6 Steven Windmueller Papers
1 7 Herbert Windmueller Papers
1 8 Thea Stein & Walter Blumenthal Papers
1 9 John Philip Windmueller Papers
1 10 Philip Windmueller Papers
1 11 Walter Windmueller Papers
2 12 Max Windmueller Papers
2 13 Gertrude Windmueller/Helen Stahl Papers
2 14 Michael Maynard (Manfred Moses) Papers
2 15 Karl Elsberg Papers
2 16 Lutz Horn (Leopold Ludwig) Papers
2 17 WArner Weinberg Papers
2 18 Lore Shelley Papers
2 19 Fred Windmueller Papers
2 20 Family Photographs
2 21 Town of Beckum Documents
2 22 City of Munster Documents
2 23 Windmueller Family Chronicle Unbound Materials
3 24 Inge Horowitz School Notebooks
3 25 Torah
3 26 WFC Hardcover Inserts, Front Cover
3 27 WFC Hardcover Inserts, page xxxiii
3 28 WFC Hardcover Inserts, page 48–49
3 29 WFC Hardcover Inserts, page 50–51
3 30 WFC Hardcover Inserts, page 106–107
3 31 WFC Hardcover Inserts, page 150–151
3 32 WFC Hardcover Inserts, page 230–231
4 N/A Windmueller Family Chronicle (WFC) 1984 Supplement
5 N/A WFC, Second Edition, Spiral Bound
6 N/A WFC, Second Edition, Hard Copy
7 N/A Jewish Holocaust Survivors' Attitudes Toward Contemporary Beliefs about Themselves, Dissertation by Lore Shelley

Indexing Terms

  • Schwarz, Simone (Golub) (b. September 8, 1927)
  • Golub, Sima (b. September 8, 1927)
  • Golub, Moishe Laizer (b. unknown, d. Fall 1941)
  • Golub, Moshe Laizer (b. unknown, d. Fall 1941)
  • Golub, Sara (Gershonowitz)  (b. unknown, d. Fall 1941)
  • Golub, Sarah (Gershonowitz) (b. unknown, d. Fall 1941)
  • Golub, Sorela (Gershonowitz) (b. unknown, d. Fall 1941)
  • Jacobson, Rachka (Golub) (b. 1923)
  • Zarecka, Michla (Golub) ) (b.1927)
  • Golub, Shimenele (b. 1936, d. Fall 1941)
  • Golub, Shimon (b. 1936, d. 1941)
  • Golub, Shimala (b. 1936, d. Fall 1941)
  • Golub, Nachemic (b. unknown, d. unknown)
  • Schwarz, Kalman (b. April 1, 1917, d. unknown) 
  • Schwarz, Maurice Chaskiel (b. April 11, 1947)
  • Schwarz, Harry Zwi (b. April 26, 1949)
  • Novick, Susan Sonia (Schwarz) (b. July 24, 1955)
  • Krewo, Poland
  • Golonug, Poland
  • Sosnowiec, Poland
  • Israel
  • Latvia
  • Estonia
  • Bayreuth, Bavaria, Germany
  • New York City, New York
  • Plaszow (concentration camp)
  • Riga (ghetto)
  • Stutthof (concentration camp)
  • Kaufering (concentration camp)
  • Bergen-Belson (concentration camp)
  • Gross Rosen (concentration camp)
  • Holocaust, Jewish (1939–1945)–Poland–Personal Narratives
  • Holocaust, Jewish (1939–1945)–Reparations
  • United States–Emigration and immigration–History–20th Century
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